Updated 17 February, 2011
- Lansing is the State Capital.
- The total area is 58,527 square miles.
- The population is 9,883,6401
- State Bird: Robin
- State Flower: Apple Blossom
- State Tree: White Pine2
- State Stone: Petosky Stone3
- State Fish: Brook Trout
Michigan is known as the 'Wolverine State' and 'Great Lakes State'. The State motto is Si quaeris peninsulam amoenam circumspice, which translates as If you are looking for a beautiful peninsula, look around you. A poll conducted in 2011 showed a majority of residents call themselves Michiganders while official sites try to be more sophisticated and call them Michiganians.
There are two peninsulas in Michigan, each of which is hundreds of miles long. These are defined by Lakes Michigan, Huron, and Superior. The two peninsulas are joined by the Mackinac Bridge. The State shares borders with Wisconsin in the northwest and Indiana and Ohio to the south.
The major cities in Michigan include Sault Ste Marie, which is the third oldest continuous settlement in the USA; Marquette; Ann Arbor; Kalamazoo; Battle Creek; Lansing; Grand Rapids; Midland; Port Huron; and Detroit.
Michigan also is a border state and connects to Canada at three points: Detroit, Port Huron and Sault Ste Marie. There are bridges in all three of these cities. Also Detroit, which is north of Windsor, Ontario, has a tunnel under the Detroit River connecting it to Canada.
Toledo Not Included
Before Michigan could become a state, the boundaries had to be set. A dispute over the southern boundary resulted in a fight between Ohio and Michigan, which became known as the Toledo War. This almost became a real war. Things had been smouldering since 1787 and land surveys were held in 1817, one of which allowed Michigan temporary possession. Had this survey been accepted, Michigan would have included the city of Toledo. By 1835 both states claimed it and even appropriated money for armies to hold the property. When Michigan's Territorial Governor actually took 250 volunteers to occupy the land and kick the government of Ohio off the land, these armies came close to clashing. There were no fatalities4, but there was a scandal about the disappearance of a pig, whose fate is still unknown. Finally President Andrew Jackson personally intervened and got Michigan to accept a deal where the US Congress would grant them statehood, and add the Upper Peninsula to their land if they agreed to cede the Toledo strip to Ohio. So Toledo became a part of Ohio and Michigan got a second peninsula.
Michigan has four seasons. Winters usually last from mid-November to March. Spring is usually April and May. Summer is June to Mid-September. Autumn is mid-September to mid-November. We gripe about the extremes5 sometimes but they are usually short-lived.
Michigan is well known for growing many crops. Among these are sugar beet, potatoes, sweet cherries and apples. The USDA has counted the apple trees. They say there are 8,560,000 apple trees in the state with over 21 varieties from Courtlands to Ida Reds, Winesap, Mcintosh, and Northern Spy.
The Population Shifts
Among the 50 states, Michigan was the only state in the US to lose population during the first decade of this millennium. This means that the population in the year 2000 which was 9,938,444 decreased 0.6 percent, giving a new figure in April 2010 of 9,883,640 people. Due to this decline Michigan loses one seat in the US House of Representatives.
The main reason for this decline is jobs. The various treaties of the US and other financial pressures have caused employers to move their manufacturing elsewhere. In 2011 Michigan's Governor, Rick Snyder, instituted a dashboard on the state website to track this and other problems. As employers cut their workforce, the State of Michigan attempted to provide a safety net with Unemployment Compensation cheques. These however are for a limited number of weeks and a newspaper article in December 2010 stated that there were 166,000 people in Michigan no longer eligible for these payments. It is expected that many of these will move to other states in search of employment. Many recent college graduates are also accepting job offers elsewhere and moving out of Michigan.
Michigan is also a great tourism centre. With picturesque lake shores, museums, State and National parks, and an assortment of other things to see and do, Michigan is a good place to visit. One warning to hitchhikers – if you get within five miles of a prison, like those at Milan or Ionia, expect that you will not be given any rides.
This is just a small list – there are many places not included.
Nature at its prettiest. Especially when the leaves turn in autumn.
A major sand dune overlooking Lake Michigan.
The ultimate in automotive museums.
In the capital city. A collection showing Michigan through the ages.
On the shores of Lake Michigan northwest of Grand Rapids. Known as a resort city, and also for the many sweet cherries that grow in the Grand Traverse Bay area.
An Assortment of Notable People
Many notable people have been born in Michigan:
Tim Allen, Ellen Burstyn, Bruce Catton, Roger Chaffee, Alice Cooper, Francis Ford Coppola, General Custer, Jeff Daniels, John DeLorean, Thomas E Dewey, the Dodge brothers, Bob Eubanks, Edna Ferber, Henry Ford, Aretha Franklin, Barry Gordy, Ali Haji-Sheikh, Julie Harris, Lee Iacocca, Earvin Magic Johnson, James Earl Jones, Ring Lardner, Charles A Lindbergh, Joe Louis, Madonna, Jef Mallett, Dick Martin, Terry McMillan, John N Mitchell, Michael Moore, Charles Mott, Ted Nugent, Pat Paulson, Chief Pontiac, Gilda Radner, Della Reese, Jason Robards Sr, Smokey Robinson, Theodore Roethke, Diana Ross, Steven Seagal, Bob Seger, Tom Selleck, Aretha Franklin, Levi Stubbs, Danny Thomas, Lily Tomlin, Margaret Whiting, and Stevie Wonder.
Then there are those who made a name in Michigan after being born elsewhere:
- Herbert H Dow - born 1866, Belleville, Ontario, founder of Dow Chemical Co
- Ransom E Olds - born 1864 Geneva, Ohio, father to both Oldsmobile and REO Motors
- Ernest Hemingway - born 1899 in Chicago, summer boyhood home Walloon Lake
- Malcolm X - world-renowned activist, born 1925 Omaha, Nebraska, lived from age 3 to age 16 in Michigan
- Thomas A Edison - world-renowned inventor, born 1847 Milan, Ohio, lived from age 7 to age 16 in Michigan
- Charlton Heston - actor, born in Evanston, Illinois, raised in Michigan
- Robin Williams - actor and comedian, born in Chicago, Illinois, raised in Michigan6.
The coldest temperature ever recorded in the state is −51°F (−46°C), registered at Vanderbilt on 9 February, 1934; the all-time high of 112°F (44°C) was recorded at Mio on 13 July, 1936. Both sites are located in the interior of the lower peninsula, away from the moderating influence of the Great Lakes.6 His career is included in Great Comedy Acts.