Capitol Records, having been taken largely by surprise in 1964 with the demand for Beatles albums, continued their short-sighted strategy of changing the British Beatles albums for ones of their own devising in 1965, convinced that the Beatlemania which had swept America in 1964 was due to fade. Their strategy for 1965 was to try to keep selling as many Beatles albums and singles for as long as they could before the Beatles declined in popularity.
65 Beatles For Sale
Released in December 1964 by Capitol Records, the same label who called the fourth Beatles album "The Beatles Second Album" the last album of the year in America was "Beatles '65". This, released a week after its British counterpart, was essentially a shorter version of the British "Beatles For Sale" album, with fewer tracks and a hit single added.
The album cover showed them sitting down holding umbrellas in the main
photograph, with thre other photos beneath showing them in a vareity of poses holding various random objects from witches' broomsticks, washing baskets and towels. The sleeve notes on the back promises that this is "their all new album of all new hits" and that "And now here's what you've all been waiting for, a new Beatles album with all new Beatles songs", when the truth was that one of the songs on the album had been on release in the UK over five months before.
|UK - December 1964||USA - December 1964|
|No Reply||No Reply|
|I'm A Loser||I'm A Loser|
|Baby's In Black||Baby's In Black|
|Rock And Roll Music||Rock And Roll Music|
|I'll Follow The Sun||I'll Follow The Sun|
|Mr Moonlight||Mr Moonlight|
|Kansas City / Hey Hey Hey Hey!|
|Eight Days A Week||Honey Don't|
|Words Of Love||I'll Be Back|
|Honey Don't||She's A Woman|
|Every Little Thing||I Feel Fine|
|I Don't Want To Spoil The Party||Everybody's Trying To Be My Baby|
|What You're Doing|
|Everybody's Trying To Be My Baby|
The six songs on "Beatles For Sale" that were not on "Beatles '65", namely the "Kansas City/Hey-Hey-Hey-Hey!" medley, "Eight Days A Week", "Words Of Love", "Every Little Thing", "I Don't Want To Spoil The Party" and "What You're Doing" all appeared later on the American "Beatles VI" album.
"I'll Be Back", which had been left off both the American "A Hard Day's Night" and "Something New" albums was included here. The other two songs, "I Feel Fine" and its B-side "She's A Woman", had been released as a single in Britain, and did not appear
on a British album at the time. "I Feel Fine" was released on "A Collection Of Beatles Oldies" in December 1966, but "She's A Woman" did not appear on a British album until "Past Masters: Volume One".
”Beatles For Sale”’s strongest song, Eight Days A Week, was left off Beatles 65 and instead released as a single. Released in America on 15th February 1965, Eight Days A Week became an American Number 11.
The Tenth American Beatles album, the one after Beatles 65, was Beatles VI. This was the seventh Beatles album released by Capitol records, after Meet The Beatles!, The Beatles Second Album, Something New, The Beatles' Story, The Early Beatles and Beatles '65. Wisely, Capitol Records did not release any more albums after this one with a number in the title.
Although the main reason for the release of this record was to find the six
songs left off "Beatles '65" a home, it also included two songs specifically
recorded for the American market only five weeks before.
On the 10th May 1965 in the Abbey Road studios John Lennon had led the recording of two songs especially for Beatles VI. These were two of his favourite songs by the American rock star, Larry Williams; were "Dizzy Miss Lizzy" and "Bad Boy". As time was of the essence in delivering two songs for the American album the Beatles had chosen two songs they were very familiar with, having performed them regularly since 1960.2 These were recorded between 8pm and 1:15am the following morning. The master tapes were posted by air-freight first thing the following day to Capitol Records, Hollywood. It was reported at the time that the two songs might appear in an EP in Britain at the end of the year. However, "Bad Boy" was not included on a British album, nor did it appear on an EP or single, until "A Collection Of British Oldies" in December 1966. "Dizzy Miss Lizzy" appeared on the end to finish the British "Help!" album in August 1965.
The album cover consisted of a colour photograph of the four Beatles smiling against a plain backdrop with the words, “The world’s most popular foursome! John – Paul – George – Ringo” and a track listing on the front, and a track listing with four black and white photos – one of each of the Beatles, on the back.
Date: June 1965
- Side A:
- Kansas City/Hey-Hey-Hey-Hey!
- Eight Days A Week
- You Like Me Too Much
- Bad Boy
- I Don't Want To Spoil The Party
- Words Of Love
- Side B:
- What You're Doing
- Yes It Is
- Dizzy Miss Lizzy
- Tell Me What You See
- Every Little Thing
Capitol Records included the already successful Eight Days A Week as the main song on the album to help promote sales. It also included three songs from the Help! sessions. “You Like Me Too Much” and “Tell Me What You See” were to appear on the British "Help!" album one month later.
The other, "Yes It Is", had appeared in Britain as the B-side to the number one "Ticket To Ride" single3, and so the Beatles chose not to include it on an album so the public would not have to buy the same song twice. It did not appear on a British album until "Past Masters: Volume One".
Capitol Records deliberately chose to use songs that had been recorded for the British Help! album that were not performed in the film. This meant that the American Help! album could include instrumental tracks in a similar way to the AmericanA Hard Days’ Night soundtrack album, thus freeing up more valuable Beatles’ tracks to fill more albums and singles.
Released on the 14th June 1965, Beatles VI spent six consecutive weeks at Number 1 in the American album chart.
The Beatles' second film, Help! was filmed in early 1965, with the resulting accompanying album released in Britain in August. Once again the American version of the Help! album was different to the British one. It consisted of seven songs included in the film, and George Martin instrumentals based on the Beatles' songs. As, unlike with A Hard Days’ Night, the album was released by Capitol Records in America and not a rival record company, Capitol Records did not have a competing album on the market.
When placing the initial order for copies of Help!, Capitol Records broke a record by ordering one million copies – the largest initial album order to date. Capitol Records’ faith was rewarded, as the album was Number 1 in the album charts for nine weeks and sold over three million copies.
In America, Good Help! Is So Hard To Find…
|UK - August 1965||USA - August 1965|
|The Night Before||The Night Before|
|You've Got To Hide Your Love Away||From Me To You Fantasy (Instrumental)|
|I Need You||You've Got To Hide Your Love Away|
|Another Girl||I Need You|
|You're Going To Lose That Girl||In The Tyrol (Instrumental)|
|Ticket To Ride|
|Act Naturally||Another Girl|
|It's Only Love||Another Hard Day's Night (Instrumental)|
|You Like Me Too Much||Ticket To Ride|
|Tell Me What You See||The Bitter End/You Can’t Do That (Instrumental)|
|I've Just Seen A Face||You're Going To Lose That Girl|
|Yesterday||The Chase - (Instrumental)|
|Dizzy Miss Lizzy|
The American album curiously opens with a brief extract of the James Bond theme. This, which was not written by the Beatles, unsurprisingly does not feature in the British album. Indeed, James Bond himself was not a fan of the Beatles – in 1964’s Bond film Goldfinger, Bond complained that warm champagne was “Like listening to the Beatles without ear muffs.”
Two of the songs left off the American "Help!" album were later released on the American Rubber Soul album, although Capitol Records had special plans for "Yesterday" and "Act Naturally", which were were later released on "Yesterday" ...And Today. As previously mentioned, "Dizzy Miss Lizzy", "You Like Me Too Much" and "Tell Me What You See" had been released on Beatles VI.
Rubber Soul was one of the most experimental, yet also personal, Beatles albums. It marked the beginning of the transition away from the naive songs of the early days of the Beatles. The British version contained the song “Nowhere Man", the first Beatles song not to be about love and relationships. It also contained three very personal songs by Paul McCartney about his relationship with Jane Asher, who had moved to Bristol to pursue her career as an actress, rather than stay with Paul in London. "We Can Work It Out", "You Won't See Me" and "I'm Looking Through You" all show how the strain of the long distance relationship affected Paul at this time4.
|UK - December 1965||USA - December 1965|
|Drive My Car||I've Just Seen A Face|
|Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown)||Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown)|
|You Won't See Me||You Won't See Me|
|Nowhere Man||Think For Yourself|
|Think For Yourself||The Word|
|What Goes On||It's Only Love|
|I'm Looking Through You||I'm Looking Through You|
|In My Life||In My Life|
|If I Needed Someone||Run For Your Life|
|Run For Your Life|
When choosing which songs to put on their Rubber Soul version, Capitol Records chose to give their version of Rubber Soul a more folk feel than its British counterpart by removing the faster paced songs.
The American Rubber Soul album contained two songs from Help!; "I've Just Seen A Face" and It's Only Love, both of which were slow, soft love songs, and given special prominence by opening both the A and B sides of the album.
Despie the album cover closely matching its British counterpart, the American Rubber Soul left out four songs from the British album. These, "Drive My Car", "Nowhere Man", "What Goes On" and "If I Needed Someone", all of which were later included in the "Yesterday" ..And Today album.
This removed most of the Beatles' new, not-romantic songs from the album, which meant that in America the Rubber Soul album was seen as a sign that the Beatles were continuing to be the soft, romantic love-song singers they had always been when in fact, having been influenced especially by Bob Dylan, they were trying to convey a harsher sound through such songs as "Drive My Car" and "Nowhere Man".
What really infuriated the Beatles was how Capitol Records put two false start outtakes on the start of the “I’m Looking Through You” track. They felt that, despite having spent a great deal of time trying to ensure each album was polished to perfection, the inclusion of this gave listeners the impression that the band was sloppy and unprofessional about their music.
The American version of the Rubber Soul was a commercial success for Capitol Records having been released in time for Christmas on the 6th December 1965. Over four million copies were sold, and it was top of the album chart for six weeks.
The release of the American Rubber Soul brought to an end another highly successful year for Capitol Records. In 1965, they had released four Beatles albums5 and five Number 1 singles, including a Double A side6 when in the same year EMI in Britain had released two albums7, three singles8and three E.P.s9, yet at a price of alienating and offending the Beatles themselves.The BeatlesHow The Beatles Did Not Get Their NameBeatles for SaleSergeant Peppers' Lonely Hearts Club BandYellow SubmarineMagical Mystery TourGet Back - The Lost Beatles AlbumLet It Be... Naked - The AlbumPlastic Ono BandBand On The RunThe Paul McCartney Death CluesJohn LennonYoko OnoGeorge HarrisonThe Travelling WilburysLiverpoolRingo Starr