The 4th April 1964 - The Beatles Record
On the week ending the 4th April 1964 in America the Beatles dominated the American Billboard chart. The Beatles occupied twelve of the top 100 positions, including all of the top five, through releases by five different record
companies; Vee Jay, Swan, Tollie, imports from Capitol of Canada as well as
Capitol Records. The Beatles were at numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 31, 41, 46, 58, 65, 68 and 79 in the singles chart, and 1 and 2 in the album chart.
Their hits, according to the Billboard chart, were:
|1.||Can't Buy Me Love||Capitol|
|2.||Twist And Shout||Tollie1|
|3.||She Loves You||Swan|
|4.||I Want To Hold Your Hand||Capitol|
|5.||Please Please Me||Vee-Jay|
|31.||I Saw Her Standing There||Capitol|
|41.||From Me To You||Vee-Jay|
|46.||Do You Want To Know A Secret?||Vee-Jay|
|58.||All My Loving||Capitol Of Canada|
|65.||You Can't Do That||Capitol|
|68.||Roll Over Beethoven||Capitol Of Canada|
|77.||Thank You Girl||Vee-Jay|
If that wasn't enough, other hits in the chart included The Carefree's "We Love You Beatles" at number 42 and The Four Preps' hit "A Letter To The Beatles" at number 85.
Alan Livingstone, President of Capitol Records in the 1960s, has described the event by saying,
"It was one of the most exciting moments in my career. It represented a success not based on anything that anybody else did - and not based on anything that had to do with my career. It was the result of the Beatles being turned down by every major record company [in America], including Capitol."
The Beatles' Second Album
The fourth Beatles album2 to be released in America was The Beatles' Second Album. This incorrect title was not a reflection of Capitol Records' view of the numerical standards of Beatles fans in America3, but instead was the second Beatles album that Capitol Records released.
The album's cover consisted of a collage of photographs taken when they were on their first American tour, including some from the famous Ed Sullivan show. The sleeve notes fortunately simply read "Electrifying big-beat performances by England's Paul McCartney, John Lennon, George Harrison and Ringo Starr" on the front, and "Never before has show business seen and heard anything like them. And Here They Are! The World's most popular foursome singing and playing their new collection of hits." on the back.
It was released in America on the 10th of April, just a week after the 4th
April 1964, when in America the Beatles were at numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 31, 41,
46, 58, 65, 68 and 79 in the singles chart, and 1 and 2 in the album chart. "The Beatles' Second Album" was also a number one seller.
The Beatles' Second Album
- Side A:
- Roll Over Beethoven
- Thank You Girl
- You Really Got A Hold On Me
- Devil In Her Heart
- Money (That's What I Want)
- You Can't Do That
- Side B:
- Long Tall Sally
- I Call Your Name
- Please Mister Postman
- I'll Get You
- She Loves You
"The Beatles' Second Album" consisted of the five songs left off "Meet The Beatles!"; "Please Mister Postman", "Roll Over Beethoven", "You Really Got A Hold On Me", "Devil In Her Heart" and "Money". "Long Tall Sally" and "I Call Your Name" were later released in the UK on the "Long Tall Sally" EP on the 19th June 1964, and did not appear on a UK album until "Past Masters: Volume 1". "She Loves You" as a single had been declined by Capitol, and instead was released by the smaller Swan label, a record company from Philapelphia. Capitol, trying to make up for their earlier mistake, placed it as the closing track on "The Beatles Second Album", even though did not appear on a British album until 1966's "A Collection Of Beatles Oldies" as it, along with its B-side "I'll Get You", had appeared as a single in August 1963.
"Thank You Girl" had been the B-Side to "From Me To You" in the UK, however In America, "From Me To You" had been the B-Side to "Please Please Me" on its January 1964 release4 "You Can't Do That" appeared on the British "A Hard Days Night" album, and had been
the B-side to "Can't Buy Me Love", a song which appeared on both versions of the "A Hard Days Night" album having appeared in the "A Hard Day's Night" film.
A Something Hard New Day's Night
A Hard Day's Night was not only the third British Beatles album, but was also the Beatles first film5, following in the footsteps of Sir Cliff Richard and Elvis Presley, other musicians who had appeared in musical films.
Negotiations for the film had begun in October 1963, with the Beatles contracted to write seven songs for the film before the script had been drafted. A Hard Days Night was the last song to have been written for the film, which went through several title changes until the song was written. The song was based on a quote from Ringo, who described the development of the title in 1964 by saying
"I came up with the phrase "A Hard Day's Night". It just came out. We went to do a job and we worked all day and then we happened to work all night. I came out, still thinking it was day, and said, "It's been a hard day"...looked around and saw that it was dark, and added "'s night"."
One of the songs written for the album, "I'll Cry Instead", was also changed at the last minute for "Can't Buy Me Love", which had proved a successful single, in order to help appeal to Beatles fans. A Hard Days Night was also the first Beatles album in the UK to consist entirely of Lennon-McCartney compositions, however the American version was completely different. Only the seven songs featured in the film, and "I'll Cry Instead", were released on the American version, which was released by United Artists, the company behind the film, and not Capitol Records6. The other four tracks were George Martin instrumental orchestral versions of the Beatles songs, taken from the film's soundtrack. The album made number 1 both sides of the Atlantic.
|Date: UK - July 1964||USA - June 1964 (UA)||USA - July 1964 (Capitol)|
|A Hard Day's Night||A Hard Day's Night||I'll Cry Instead|
|I Should Have Known Better||Tell Me Why||Things We Said Today|
|If I Fell||I'll Cry Instead||Any Time At All|
|I’m Happy Just To Dance With You||I Should Have Known Better (instrumental)||When I Get Home|
|And I Love Her||I'm Happy Just To Dance With You||Slow Down|
|Tell Me Why||And I Love Her (Instrumental)||Matchbox|
|Can't Buy Me Love|
|Any Time At All||I Should Have Known Better||Tell Me Why|
|I'll Cry Instead||If I Fell||And I Love Her|
|Things We Said Today||And I Love Her||I'm Happy Just To Dance With You|
|When I Get Home||Ringo's Theme (This Boy - Instrumental)||If I Fell|
|You Can't Do That||Can't Buy Me Love||Komm Gib Mir Deine Hand|
|I'll Be Back||A Hard Day's Night(Instrumental)|
In July 1964, a fortnight after the A Hard Day's Night album had been released in Britain, the Something New album was released by Capitol Records in America. This was not unlike the British version of A Hard Day's Night, including not only four songs left off the American version7, but also songs which had appeared on the American version also. "And I Love Her", "I'm Happy Just To Dance With You" and "If I Fell" and "Tell Me Why" had all been released on the American A Hard Day's Night album a month before. Strangely, the most popular song from A Hard Day's Night, "Can't Buy Me Love", was not released by Capitol on an album until Hey Jude in 1970.
In fact, far from being the Something New the title promised, it was in fact something that was being sold the month before in a new package. It was one of the major examples of two albums released in America when the one released in Britain had sufficed. However, A Hard Days Night had not been released by Capitol Records, and once again they wished to cash in. Yet again their strategy of exploiting the Beatles in order to make money failed to beat their rivals, with Something New failing to get to number one, climbing no higher than number 2 in the album chart.
This didn't stop the inevitable sleeve note declaring;
"Here is the third great Beatles album for Capitol. And needless to say its wonderful in the veryand so forth.
special and exclusively marvelous Beatles way! Here are the latest, greatest
new Beatles hits the boys have come up with since their first two phenomenal
"Slow Down" and "Matchbox" had been originally released on the British "Long Tall Sally" EP in June. "Komm Gib Mir Deine Hand" was perhaps a curious choice to end the album with. It was, in fact, "I Want To Hold Your Hand" sung in German, recorded in an attempt to break the West German market8, and not intended for release in the English speaking world. In Britain, it was only finally released as a curio on 1988's Past Masters: Volume One album. It seems to have been included at the end of Something New merely to be an album filler, a practice of which the Beatles themselves strongly disapproved. However, the sleeve notes dutifully describe it as
"One of the most popular [Beatles hits] is "Komm, Gib Mir Deine Hand", the German-language version the boys made of their sensation Capitol hit, "I Want To Hold Your Hand"."
Considering the song is in German on an album released in America, a nation which tends not to speak German as its national language, it seems an odd way of describing the song. But then it was one of the few songs on Something New not to have been released on the United Artists' A Hard Days Night album the month before.
On the same day as the release of Something New, the 20th July 1964, Capitol Records released two singles from the album. Both of these singles consisted of tracks that had been on United Artist’s A Hard Day’s Night album that had been released the previous month.
The first single, “And I Love Her” with “If I Fell” as the B-side, just missed out on the top ten, getting to number 12 in the Billboard chart. The second, “I’ll Cry Instead” with “I’m Happy Just To Dance With You” as the B-Side, did not even make the top twenty, getting to number 22 in the Cashbox and 25 in the Billboard charts. Capitol Records’ belated attempt to saturate the market with Beatles songs that United Artists had released a month earlier had failed.
Surprisingly, Capitol Records tried the same tactic of releasing two already available songs that had been on their Something New album as a single. On 24th August 1964, a month after their album release, Capitol Records released “Matchbox9” with “Slow Down” as the B-Side, Unsurprisingly, this failed to have much of a chart impact, peaking at 17.
The Beatles' Story
The next Beatles album to be released in America, in November 1964, was The Beatles' Story, a two-disc album composed mainly of interviews with the Beatles themselves. The album was billed as
"A Narrative and musical biography of Beatlemania on 2 Long-Play records. Includes selections from their hit records, interviews with the Beatles and their fans, many new photos, their whole story on record from beginning to fabulous fame!"
It also contained extracts from the following Beatles
- I Want To Hold Your Hand
- Slow Down
- This Boy
- You Can't Do That
- If I Fell
- And I Love Her
- A Hard Day's Night
- Twist And Shout
- Things We Said Today
- I'm Happy Just To Dance With You
- Little Child
- Long Tall Sally
- She Loves You
The version of “Twist And Shout" on the record was recorded live, and not in a studio.
- Record 1
- On Stage With The Beatles
- How Beatlemania Began
- Beatlemania In Action
- Man Behind The Beatles - Brian Epstein
- John Lennon
- Who's A Millionnaire?
- Beatles Will Be Beatles
- Man Behind The Music - George Martin
- George Harrison
- Record 2:
- A Hard Day's Night - Their First Movie
- Paul McCartney
- Sneaky Haircuts And More About Paul
- The Beatles Look At Life
- "Victims" Of Beatlemania
- Beatle Medley
- Ringo Starr
- Liverpool And All The World
The album was written and narrated by John Babcock, Al Wiman and Roger Christian of KWFb Radio, Hollywood, who also produced it with Gary Usher. It reached number 7 in the charts.The BeatlesHow The Beatles Did Not Get Their NameBeatles for SaleSergeant Peppers' Lonely Hearts Club BandYellow SubmarineMagical Mystery TourGet Back - The Lost Beatles AlbumLet It Be... Naked - The AlbumPlastic Ono BandBand On The RunThe Paul McCartney Death CluesJohn LennonYoko OnoGeorge HarrisonThe Travelling WilburysLiverpoolRingo Starr
" You Can't Do That" had appeared on The Second Beatles' Album and "I'll Be Back" later appeared on Beatles ‘65.8This was also a recognition of their experience gained when performing in Hamburg.9A Beatles cover of a Carl Perkins song that the Beatles had performed since 1960. Another version of this song is available on the Live At The BBC album