Ding-dong, Avon calling!
'Avon Calling' was launched as a door-to-door company selling perfume in 1886. New Yorker David McConnell (1858 - 1937) had been trying to earn a living selling books since the age of 16. It wasn't working out very well, so he had a better idea: he would offer a vial of perfume as a free gift to the lady of the house, in return for being allowed the opportunity to display his books.
With the aid of a local pharmacist, McConnell blended his own rose-oil scent. Although his perfume was very popular, his books still didn't sell. He abandoned the literary career, formed the California Perfume Company and set about selling the scent.
The homesteaders living in horse-and-buggy days didn't have very good access to shops, so opportunistic door-to-door sellers were popular callers. McConnell engaged a minister's daughter, now a widow, from Winchester, New Hampshire. The first of an eventual worldwide team of ladies to work for this company, Mrs PFE Albee was the very first 'Avon Lady'; her job was to sell the perfume and to recruit more salespeople. The first product was a collection of fragrances called the Little Dot Perfume Set. They included Violet, Lily-of-the-Valley, White Rose, Heliotrope and Hyacinth. By 1887, McConnell was employing a dozen women, selling his range of 18 fragrances.
Not Just Perfume
Nowadays, 'Avon Ladies' don't just sell perfume. Their range encompasses lingerie, including bras (with a special range for larger ladies) and basques; hosiery; jewellery; fashion accessories; deodorants; talc; body sprays; bust massage gel; shampoo for every hair-type, including anti-dandruff, with special individual shampoos for blondes, brunettes and redheads and short or long hair; conditioner (for every hair-type and condition); hair gel; hair spray; hair-brushes; face cream; face masques; face powder; blushers; foundation (recently the range was expanded to include darker shades for dark-skinned customers); blemish-cover sticks; under-eye-lightener; eye-liner; eye shadow; eyebrow pencils; eyelash curlers; false eyelashes; eye-puffiness-reduction-gel; mascara; lipstick; lip liner; lip balm; hand cream; soap; body lotion and foot products, not forgetting after-shave and woody-scented talcs for the men2.
Cleansers for dry, greasy, normal, combination3 skin and problem skin; toners (astringent); moisturisers; fake tan; emery boards; nail polish; nail jewellery; toe separators4; learning and educational products; home decor; kitchenware; shaving products; sun-tan lotion; videos; DVDs; anti-wrinkle cream; massage oils; broken-vein-reduction cream; cellulite-reduction cream; bubble bath; bath oils; shower gels; intimate products; candles; cuddly toys; dolls, baby dolls and dolls' outfits and perfume are all in the latest brochure. There is also a special range for expectant mothers, babies and children and those with sensitive skin. Supplements offering vitamins and dietary supplements are slipped in between the pages of the regular campaign. There are special Christmas editions of their famous brochure, which includes Christmas tree baubles and an unusual gift idea: a nail-polish drying-station5.
The Job Description
The beauty of working as an 'Avon Lady' is you get to choose the time you spend on it. Anything you sell earns you commission, so the more you sell, the more you earn. Anyone can sell cosmetics and toiletries; sometimes a man will make being an Avon representative his dream job. For the basis of continuity, though, the Avon representative is referred to as a female in this entry.
The representative is given a 'round', a block of houses in a street or two, by her line manager, who is usually an ex-representative herself. The round should be canvassed first, as customers are more likely to buy from someone they have met socially, rather than deal with someone who just drops the brochure, delivers their order and is then not seen again until the next campaign.
Every two to three weeks, new brochures ('Campaign One' 'Campaign Two', etc) are produced by the company. These are purchased by the representative. She distributes them, enclosing her personalised order form, through the letter boxes of the houses on her round. On the order form will be her name and contact phone number, and the date that she will call back to collect the brochure, which can then be re-issued to other addresses.
Once the orders are in, the representative fills out one collective order form and sends it off to the company, along with any returns (for credit) from the previous campaign. In the next delivery (to her own home) will be the previous campaigns' orders, the invoice from Avon, any stationery and/or samples the representative has ordered, brochures for the next campaign and any new products, in advance of the current brochure, which the representative can order for herself at a discount, usually half-price. These can then be tested by her and talked about with her customers, thereby procuring more orders.
Samples are a boon to the representative, as they can be given as a 'thank you' for a large order or used to garner interest in a new fragrance or product. A successful 'Avon Lady' will know her customer's tastes and also their birthdays. The highest-selling representatives earn themselves membership of the 'President's Club', gaining added status and an exclusive gift, usually a limited-edition porcelain figurine.
There are almost as many different types of customer as there are stars in the sky. You won't find two the same. One will treat you like a dogsbody, another will consider you their new best friend. Yet another will order ten products, choose one and return the other nine. One won't buy anything, but will keep you chatting for hours on their doorstep while you freeze your toes off. Another will tell you off for calling on a Sunday; her neighbour might offer you one of her cat's kittens. Then there are the ones who invite you in to share their coal fire and send you on your way with a freshly-baked cake. Ask after their new kitchen/bathroom/conservatory/wallpaper/carpet and you'll be invited in to view. Your opinion matters, so you have to be kind, even if you hate their taste. Beware of the husband who invites you in for a wonderfully-sounding cup of tea, especially if you know his wife is away6.
One customer who developed arthritis in her fingers couldn't continue knitting a cardigan, so she asked her Avon Lady if she would consider finishing it, which she did. Another, who was looking after her grandson while her daughter was in hospital, asked the Avon Lady if she would take the child with her on the round, to give her a break. These are extreme examples, but you get the drift. All of the above examples come from the experience of one Avon Lady.
Learning when your customers will be at home is an essential part of the job. Some of the customers will be at work during the day, but others prefer you to call during the day, so you need to know when they will be home, if only to save yourself endless trips carrying heavy bags.
Then there's the weather. It's no fun walking the streets, especially in the dark — and then it starts to rain. Carrying soggy bags can be hazardous, and you don't want to be scrambling around in a wet gutter for dropped deodorants, being splashed by passing cars.
Another problem is that of dealing with the company. It's rare to receive a perfect order: one mistake is usual, two is common, three is not unheard of, but as for four mistakes, well - it's just not your day. That's not counting the products which have leaked in the delivery box. Cleaning shower gel off everything the spill has touched is painstaking work and when lids are removed from lipsticks they become unsuitable for sale. Then you have to explain to the customer why their order hasn't arrived (or is too damaged to sell), causing them disappointment. You get the flak. Best to be honest and say it's the company's fault and you'll deliver it as soon as the replacement arrives. If it was a handbag for a wedding or a scarf for a birthday gift, you're in deep trouble. This requires tact and the best thing you can do to salvage the situation is offer to go shopping for a replacement. Above all, you have to keep your customers happy or you will lose them.
In 1989, Avon became the first major cosmetics manufacturer to announce a permanent end to animal testing during the safety testing of its products.
In 1992, Avon UK launched the company's first women's healthcare initiative to raise funds and awareness for breast cancer. The product line, 'Pink Ribbon', ranges from shocking-pink nail polish and lipstick shades to pink umbrellas and t-shirts displaying the pink ribbon logo. The 'Pink Ribbon' campaign helped enable the first multi-million pound grant for breast cancer research and clinical care. Every year, a different metal-ribbon pin is offered for sale, usually costing a pound, which is donated to the cause.
Avon Products Ltd was an official Olympic sponsor during the 1996 Centennial Olympic Games in Atlanta.
Destined For Folklore
Today the number of Avon representatives has reached almost five million and their products are sold in over 100 countries all over the world. Just about everyone knows someone who is or has been7 an 'Avon Lady', or at least their mother does. Now, with online technology available, people can order their purchases over the Internet. Eventually the Avon Lady may become just a pleasant memory, although her place in folklore is guaranteed.
- Avon bottles and jars are very collectable nowadays.
- The first item of clothing offered to customers was a scarf, way back in the mid-1970s.
- In 2005, the Chinese government chose Avon products to test direct selling in Beijing, Tianjin and the Guangdong Province.
- In ancient Egypt, Tutankhamun would have worn kohl8 eyeliner, as would his mother-in-law Queen Nefertiti.
- Edward Scissorhands (played by Johnny Depp) was discovered and eventually adopted by Peg, a kindly Avon Lady (played by Dianne Wiest).