I used to get a little bit exercised by people choosing inappropriate titles for their movies. I don't just mean bad movies using good names, just titles which seem... not quite right for the movie. Back in 2011, Paddy Considine released a film called Tyrannosaur, which is a perfectly good title for a film featuring a carnivorous theropod on the rampage. Attaching it to an (admittedly very good) downbeat naturalistic drama about the corrosive effects of male rage struck me as a bit of a waste, to be honest.
When I first started hearing people talking about a movie called Parasite, I was pretty sure I knew what they were on about: I have vague memories of the film in question, which was directed by low-budget maestro Charles Band, released in 1982 and features Demi Moore in an early role. Suffice to say there is a lot of icky body horror and slimy things with teeth infesting various secondary members of the cast. This is exactly what I would expect from a movie called Parasite.
Of course, we now live in a world where – as is occasionally the case with films with mononymic titles – anyone wanting to watch Demi Moore just starting out had best take care, as there is now another, rather better-known film called Parasite. Not that confusion is particularly likely, of course: the 1982 movie has an 11% rating on a solanaceous review aggregation site, and won no awards whatsoever, while the new one, directed by Bong Joon Ho, is currently scoring 99%, in addition to winning the Palme D'Or at Cannes and Best Picture at the Academy Awards – the first film to win both in 65 years, and the first film made in a foreign language to win the big prize at the Oscars.
This is the kind of acclaim that often leads to impossibly high expectations, but on the other hand it does work a treat in getting a slightly arty-looking subtitled film a major release – I note that, in the UK at least, Parasite didn't start to appear in some multiplexes until after it won the Oscar. Certainly, to begin with it bears a passing resemblance to Hirokazu Kore-eda's Shoplifters, another acclaimed Asian movie which didn't get a major UK release.
To begin with, we are in the company of the Kim family, a penurious Seoul family reduced to living in a basement and folding disposable pizza boxes to scrape a living. Patriarch of this unprepossessing mob is Ki-taek (Song Kang-ho), a moderately successful hammer-thrower now gone to seed, his wife Chung-sook (Jang Hye-jin), and their children Ki-woo (Choi Woo-shik) and Ki-jeong (Park So-dam). The Kims are living so close to the edge that their neighbour putting a password on her wifi constitutes a significant problem for them.
However, this all changes when Ki-woo's friend Min finds him a job giving English lessons to the daughter of the wealthy Park family – Min has a mind to woo her once he gets back from a trip abroad, and has thus recommended Ki-woo as someone from such a poverty-stricken background can't possibly be a romantic rival to him. He also gives the Kims a lucky rock, which will supposedly bring them good fortune. 'Wow, it's so metaphorical!' cries a delighted Ki-woo, in one of the script's many droll touches. Ki-woo duly passes muster with the slightly dippy mother (Cho Yeo-jeong) of the Park family.
What rapidly becomes apparent is that this is the sort of opportunity the Kims have clearly been waiting for for quite some time. With the speed and ferocity of a burrowing maggot, they waste no time in inserting themselves into the Parks' lovely home: Ki-woo spots that his new employers' hyperactive younger child likes drawing, and thus introduces Ki-jeong as a potential art tutor for the lad. The sacking of the family servants is ingeniously contrived, creating vacancies that the two senior Kims can fill. Soon the whole family is cheerfully soaking the Parks for whatever they can get, with their hosts blissfully unaware even of the fact they are unwittingly employing four members of the same family. The Kims begin to have dreams of a better life and a better future – because what could possibly go wrong...?
Needless to say, something goes wrong, but the volta that occurs halfway through Parasite is so startling and genuinely unpredictable that one would have to be a real cad to give more than a few hints as to what goes on in the second half of the film. Needless to say, class tensions bubble to the surface, there's an epically unsuccessful birthday party, the issue of body odour proves unexpectedly significant to the plot and the lucky rock proves to be quite unlucky, for one character at least.
So, this isn't really a horror movie, but if it is an art-house movie it's only because of the subtitles ('the one-inch-tall barrier', as the director so aptly put it). This is really no more 'arty' than any film by Christopher Nolan or Stanley Kubrick, unless by arty you mean made with tremendous imagination and skill. I didn't see Snowpiercer (someone gave it to me on a hard drive, which then went pop before I could watch it) and my admiration for his giant pig film was qualified at best, but this is a terrific movie.
Obviously, this is a film with things to say about serious and universal themes: the awkward relationship between wealth and power, and class consciousness, most obviously (you could draw a definite thematic parallel between Parasite and The Time Machine, if you really wanted to). Not that the title is without a degree of ambiguity – it's clear that both families need each other in order to function (so perhaps Symbiosis would be just as apt a title). You could also argue that the film takes the fact that servants and lower-class people often seem to be invisible to the rich and powerful and makes it one of the central metaphors of the movie. There is a lot going on here.
Nevertheless, the denseness of the film's ideas never get in the way of its entertainment value, or its achievement as a piece of cinema. Almost from the start you are swept along, as the Kims put their plan into motion with a gleeful ruthlessness – they are such an agreeable bunch, and Mrs Park in particular is so useless, that you can't help but want them to get away with it, even though what they are up to is deeply morally questionable. Towards the end of the film the comedic elements inevitably fall away, however, and the film becomes darker and more complex, but the shift is as impeccably handled as the rest of it.
Parasite has pretty much everything one could hope for from a movie, and it is fully deserving of all its praise and accolades. Hopefully the one-inch-tall barrier will not keep too many people from watching it, for this is a film which balances serious themes with superb storytelling skill and the result is a film which is compellingly watchable from start to finish. Proof that the Academy Awards do sometimes get things right.
Also This Week...
...William Eubank's Underwater, an SF-horror movie which is pretty much what one would expect from the title. After a disaster at a deep-sea drilling site, the survivors must make their way through the wrecked rig and trek across the ocean bed in order to survive – but attacks by monstrous deep-sea creatures suggest they have awoken something perhaps best left undisturbed. Basically a rather derivative piece of action-horror, much less surprising and experimental than Eubank's last film The Signal, but lifted by good production values, a respectful attitude towards genre conventions and a solid lead performance by Kristen Stewart.
Underwater also seems likely to achieve a sort of cult status due to the decision, made very late in production, to include some monster designs heavily influenced by the horror stories of the cult writer H. P. Lovecraft. Calling this a Lovecraftian horror movie is really pushing it, if you ask me, but it's still a fun easter egg and any film you can basically summarise as Kristen Stewart Vs Cthulhu is guaranteed some sort of an audience. As I say, hardly groundbreaking, but fun nevertheless.