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Gamal Abdel Nasser was born in 1918 and by 1952 Nasser, aged 32, was in control of the Neguib coup, which forced an end to the monarchy and King Hussein of Jordan was initially threatened by radicals encouraged by Egypt's president Nasser.

During the period 1954-56 radical Gamal Abdel Nasser was Egypt's politician and prime minister and in 1956 he became president of Egypt in ( the United Arab Republic 1958-71). He nationalized the Suez Canal and made Egypt the leader of Arab nationalism. Nasser was defeated twice by Israel in the middle east. It was also at this time that President Nasser's decision to nationalize the Anglo-French Suez Canal Company, was being tried to reverse. His nationalization of the Suez Canal in 1956 led to an Anglo-French invasion and the Suez crisis, and his ambitions for an Egyptian-led union of Arab states led to disquiet in the Middle East (and in the West). Nasser was also an early and influential leader of the non-aligned movement.

In the years that immediately followed 1956 Arab nationalism grew, particularly under the leadership of the Egyptian president, Gamal Abdel Nasser. A republican revolution also broke out in 1962 and from 1963-1970 a bloody civil war was fought with President Nasser's Egypt supporting the victorious republicans. Furthermore, his contacts with Syria and Jordan alarmed Israel and in May 1967 he had moved troops into Sinai and demanded that the UN force withdraw, it looked to Israel as if an attack were soon to take place. June 5th 1967 saw the Israelis responding by them attacking the Arab forces in the sky. This was immediately followed by a rapid campaign and Israel defeating the Egyptians in Sinai, the Jordonians on the west bank and the Syrians on the Golan heights. Israel was backed by USA which was concerned about Soviet friendship with Egypt and Syria and refused to withdraw. By 1969 the Suez Canal had entered a war of attrition, which came to an end in 1970 the same year that Gamal Abdel Nasser passed away aged just 52.

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