Irish Dancing Content from the guide to life, the universe and everything

Irish Dancing

5 Conversations

A pair of Irish dancing shoes

An Introduction to Step Dancing - The Ancient Art of the Celts

Irish Step Dancing is from, well of course, Ireland. But not just Ireland, because the entire Celtic culture has contributed. Step dancing started off as mostly party dancing, but has evolved into very complex competition dancing.

The Categories

Irish Dancing is done in two categories:

  • Soft shoes are much like ballet shoes. Male dancers' soft shoes have heels on them while female dancers' do not.
  • Hard shoes are the type that make the loud noises everyone loves. All hard shoes have heels, which do not touch the ground unless specially choreographed to do so. A small piece of wood attached to the bottom of the toe makes the noise.
  • The Dances

    There are four basic dances in soft shoe:

    • The Reel - reels are dances in 2/4 time and the beat can vary from moderately fast to fast. The reels one does by oneself usually travel all around the floor and take up a lot of space, having leaps of some sort in each step so you go very far with each beat. Reels can also be done in hard shoe, these varieties having less leaps. The reels one does in groups are also known as figure dances, although not all figure dances are reels. These are done with two or more people, and look a lot like American square dances. They are most often done at social functions and are easy to learn.
    • The Light Jig - Jigs are usually the first dance learned. They are in 6/8 time and are always done individually. Light jigs or soft shoe jigs are usually simple but elegant dances. Even the first step to a non-dancer looks complicated, but it is easily learned.
    • The Single Jig - also done in 6/8 time.
    • The Slip Jig - a Slip Jig is done in 9/8 time. That's three sets of three triplets per bar. It's a very light and soft dance, for women only, which is difficult to learn but a joy once you know it.

    There are also figure dances in soft shoe; this is where several people dance together, with intricate hand movements. Figure dances are mostly done at shows and parties.

    There are a myriad of dances in hard shoe. The first hard shoe dance a person learns is called St Patrick's Day.

    Believe it or not, Irish Dancing is growing. A Feis1 is held at least once a month. There are more and more Irish Dance Schools emerging too. Shows like Riverdance, and Lord of the Dance have spread the awareness of Irish Dancing across the globe. Incidentally, Michael Flatley, creator of Riverdance and Lord of the Dance and star dancer of Lord of the Dance is the world's fastest dancer, with 34 separate taps of his foot a second while dancing.

    The Costumes

    Contrary to popular belief, Irish Dancers do not wear Kilts, unless they are extremely small. The dancers, that is, not the kilts. Each dance school has its own distinct costume. The boys usually wear the same costume no matter what level, while the girls have a distinct but simple costume for beginners, and a distinct, expensive, and beautiful costume for advanced dancers. All the costume designs come from the Book of Kells, which is an ancient, hand-written, and beautifully engraved Bible. The Book of Kells is on display in Ireland.

    Irish Dance Hierarchy

    Irish Dancing is very organised, controlled by the World Wide Irish Dancing Committee. A point of interest: dancing competitions cannot be videotaped, because every school has its own variation of the dances -except the traditional St Patrick's Day - and all are copyrighted.


    There are seven normal levels in competition:

  • Beginner 1 (B1)
  • Beginner 2 (B2)
  • Novice
  • Prizewinner
  • Championship
  • National Champion
  • World Champion
  • You compete in every dance separately; that is, you can have a different ranking in each dance and must advance in each one individually. Competitions are judged by certified judges. All the music at a Feis is live; it is usually an accordian/keyboard accompaniment.

    All In All

    Irish Dancing is great fun and very fulfilling. You can learn about an ancient culture and make some new friends.

    Bear in mind that you can't just enter a competition even if you know some Irish Dancing, you have to be an registered and active member of and Irish Dance school. There are plenty.

    1Feis is a Gaelic word for competition.

    Bookmark on your Personal Space

    Edited Entry


    Infinite Improbability Drive

    Infinite Improbability Drive

    Read a random Edited Entry

    Categorised In:

    Edited by

    h2g2 Editors


    h2g2 Entries

    External Links

    Not Panicking Ltd is not responsible for the content of external internet sites

    Write an Entry

    "The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy is a wholly remarkable book. It has been compiled and recompiled many times and under many different editorships. It contains contributions from countless numbers of travellers and researchers."

    Write an entry
    Read more