Information about various locations in China

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Tibet is the most highest region on this planet and also known as the as the roof of the world.In it's history it has been an independent state and it has been divided into various countries, and has been a part of China, each for a certain amount of time. Tibet was first became as one under the reign of King Songtsan Gampo. In the 13th Dalai Lama proclaimed Tibet independent in 1913. The present Dalai Lama escaped to India after the 1959 Tibetan rebellion.Now Tibet is administrated by the Chinese government.

Lhasa, translated from the Tibetan language means Holy-Land, and it reflects the very essence of Tibet, and has a history that spans of over a thousand years.In the 7th century AD, Songtsen Gampo, a local leader in the Yarlung Valley, kept going the process of making Tibet one country. Songtsen Gampo changed the capital to Lhasa and then built a palace on the area which the Potala palace is now. The fifth Dalai Lama had his palace built, the Potala at Lhasa on top of the what was the ruins of the 7th century palace that was built on the orders of Songtsen Gampo.Lhasa has remained Tibet's capital since 1642, and nearly of the city's historical sights are dated from the second period of Lhasa's growth. Shigatse, the second largest city in Tibet, which is another important centre other than Lhasa for cultural, religious and political influence.Shigatse has been the place of the Panchen Lama, which is based in the Tashilhunpo Monastery.

The Tibetan word for Mount Everest is Qomolangma and it means "The Third Goddess". It is nearly 9000. metres in the middle section of the Himalayas range of mountains and they are in the Tingri County, Shigatse, It has covered in snow on it's peaks with glaciers. There are four peaks which are above 8000 meters and 38 peaks that are above 7000 metres, Glaciers are also found at the base of the mountains, located nearby are deep caves and ice rivers that give out a a spectacular view of the Quomolangma. There are three towns of the Kathmandu Valley and they are: Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur.

Qinghai was only recently made a part of China. A large part of the area, called Kokonor until the early 20th century, is outside the border of China proper and has been a cutlural and ethinic diverse area with Tibetan, Han Chinese, Mongol, and Turkic influences. It has been battleground during the various Chinese dynasties when they fought against the Tibetan dynasty rulers. Qinghai has been under the early period of Ming rule.

Before 1724, what is now Qinghai was under Tibetan rule, but when it was taken over by the armies of the Qing Dynasty which followed the defeat of the Dzungars by the Qing in the middle part of the 18th century. This region became home to the Kokonor Mongols people who came from northern Xinjiang (Qinghai).

In 1928, Qinghai became a part of the Republic of China.It also been the seat for the warlord Ma Bufang, before it became a region under the People's Republic of China in 1949. Qinghai is found on the northeastern area of the Tibetan Plateau. TheYellow River (Huang He) comes in the middle of this region, while the Yangtze river and Mekong river have their origins in the southwestern part of the province.

The Sanjiangyuan National Nature Reserve (SNNR), also known as the Sanjiangyuan Nature Reserve, or the Three Rivers Nature Reserve, which is in the Qinghai region, and contains the tributary streams of the three rivers: Yellow River, the Yangtze River, and the Mekong River.The nature reserve was founded to preserve the tributary streams of these rivers. The reserve has 18 divided areas and each of them are divided into three zones which are managed with various degrees of intervention and control.

Yading nature reserve, is the where the three sacred Tibetan mountains which are the Chenresig, Jambeyang, and the Chanadorje. Tibetan Buddhists believe that if anyone walks around any of these mountains through making a personal pilgrimage it will bring them good luck and good fortune, as these three mountains symbolise compassion, wisdom and good chi which are needed to achieve spiritual enlightenment and ascension.

Yading, is in the Sichuan Province and from where is the reserve entrance where there is a wooded pathway that leads to a valley which is at the bottom of the Mount. Chanadorje.

Tshonggo Gonpa is a small Tibetan temple, which the botanist and explorer Joseph Rock called it the 'Bandit Monastery.'when he was undertook an wide reaching exploration of the northwest China and Tibet for the Harvard's Museum of Comparative Zoology and National Geographic in 1924.

Yunnan is located in the southwest part of China. and has diverse range of various ethnic and cultural traditions and peoples. The ecotourism industry has been steadily growing and Yuman is at the centre of this growth.Yunnan means Beautiful Clouds in the South . It is the most southwest region of China Yunnan has wide range of terrains and has alpine mountain ranges to tropical rain forests and the greatest amount and variety of flora and fauna in China which includes the Asian elephant and the Yunnan golden monkey which has special protection status. There is also a rain forest in the region known as Xishuangbanna where there are rare and endangered species of flora and fauna.

The capital of Sichuan is Chengdu and is the cultural and industrial centre for the agricultural Chengdu Plain.Chengdu was one of the first centres of printing in China and has famous for its fine lacquer ware and ornaments since the 13th century. Chengdu were there is the centre for Giant Panada research and conservation.It has has now become known as China Panda City, which includes a museum and zoo. Sichuan is known as the 'Land of Abundance' and is on the World Cultural and Natural Heritage List, which also include the Jiuzhaigou Scenic Area, Huang Long Valley,Mount Emeishan as well as the Leshan Giant Buddha.

Emeishan is one of the four most holiest of the Buddhist Mountains in China. There is a story that says that the mountain it's names comes from the two high points that face each other and that they look like eyebrows. Mount Emeishan is a renowned Buddhist sacred place, and in the past it had more than a hundred monasteries.The mountain has perpendicular high overhanning faces of rocks, imposing mountains, waterfalls, springs, immense trees and lovely flowers.

Mount Qingcheng where there are 108 monasteries, temples and pavilions.Jiuzhaigou is a national park and has also been donted a UNESCO World Heritage site. Jiuzhaigou is where there are 9 Tibetan villages that are based in the valley. The valley has an extensive different types of natural scenery - lakes, waterfalls, snowy mountains and verdant forests. There are more than 100 lakes of a different sizes, shapes and colours.In 18822 Yellow Dragon Valley was placed on the 'China World Cultural and Natural Heritage List'.It consists of two parts: Huang Long and Muni Gorge. Huang Long is referred as the 'mountain fairyland.' Leshan Giant Buddha is a gigantic statue that is carved into the side of the Lingyun Mountain. The Buddha is over 230 feet tall and more than 100 people can sit between its feet.This enormous carving was started in 713 AD and was then completed in 803 AD. It is believed to be the largest carved stone Buddha in the world. A local adage goes, 'The Mountain is a Buddha, the Buddha is a mountain'.

Hangzhou is the capital of Zhejiang Province, which is located at the southern end of the Grand Canal.It is one of China's seven oldest national cities.In the 13th century whenMarco Polo came to Hangzhou , he announced that Hangzhou is "the most beautiful and elegant city in the world". There is a popular Chinese proverb "Above there is heaven below there are Hangzhou and Suzhou." Hangzhou was built over 2,200 years ago, and has been the birthplace of Chinese civilisation.The city began to thrive and advance during the Tang Dynasty.

Suzhou famed as the 'Oriental Venice'.The Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal runs through the city from north to south.As well as its moderate weather, lush terrain and bounteous harvests and this is why Suzhou is known as the 'paradise on earth'.

Suzhou an city with over 2500 years of history was built in 514 BC and it's streets and rivers run close together whilst the water and land paths run alongside, are extremely well conserved.

The gardens to the south of the Yangtze River are the finest in the world.At the moment there are more than 60 gardens that are well looked after in Suzhou, and a good selection of them on the World Heritage List, which includes the Humble Administrator's Garden, the Lingering Garden, the Garden of Master of Nets and the Mountain Villa with Embracing Beauty.

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