The Eight-thousanders

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The so-called 'eight-thousanders' are the world's fourteen mountains over 8,000 m high, which is equivalent to 26,427 feet.


All of these mountains are in the Himalaya and Karakoram ranges of Asia. No fewer than eight of them are in Nepal (a sovereign kingdom in the southern foothills of the Himalayas) or on its borders, including six of the first seven.


The highest of them all, Mount Everest (8,850 m, or 29,035 ft), is on the border of Nepal and Tibet. The second highest, K2 (8,611 m, or 28,251 ft), is on the border of Pakistan and China, while the third highest, Kangchenjunga (8,586 m, or 28,169 ft) is on the border of Nepal and India.


The roll of the eight-thousanders is as follows:


1) Mount Everest

Elevation: 8,850 m (29,035 feet)

Location: Nepal-Tibet border

Range: Himalayas

First ascent: May 29, 1953 by Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay


2) K2

Elevation: 8,611 metres (28,251 feet)

Location: Gilgit-Baltistan (Pakistan-China)

Range: Karakoram

First ascent: July 31 1954 by Compagnoni and Lacedelli

K2 is reckoned to be the most dangerous mountain of the eight thousanders, and possibly the most dangerous mountain on earth.


3) Kangchenjunga

Elevation: 8,586 metres (28,169 feet)

Location: Nepal-India

Range: Himalayas

Kanchenjunga is the highest mountain shared by India.


4) Lhotse

Elevation: 8,516 metres (27,939 feet)

Location: Nepal, connected to Everest via a col

Range: Himalayas

Lhotse has two other summits above 8,000 metres: Lhotse Middle (East) is 8,414 metres and Lhotse Shar is 8,383 metres.


5) Makalu

Elevation: 8,462 metres (27,765 feet)

Location: Nepal-Tibet

Range: Himalayas


6) Cho Oyu

Elevation: 8,201 metres (26,906 feet)

Location: Nepal-Tibet

Range: Himalayas


7) Dhaulagiri

Elevation: 8,167 metres (26,794 feet)

Location: Nepal

Range: Himalayas


8) Manaslu

Elevation: 8,156 metres (26,758 feet)

Location: Nepal

Range: Himalayas


9) Nanga Parbat

Elevation: 8,125 metres (26,658 feet)

Location: Pakistan

Range: Himalayas

Nanga Parbat is the highest mountain wholly within Pakistan.


10) Annapurna

Elevation: 8,091 metres (26,545 feet)

Location: Nepal

Range: Himalayas


11) Gasherbrum I

Elevation: 8,068 metres (26,470 feet)

Location: Pakistan-China

Range: Karakoram

Gasherbrum I is also known as the Hidden Peak, as it is extremely remote.


12) Broad Peak

Elevation: 8,047 metres (26,400 feet)

Location: Pakistan-China

Range: Karakoram

Broad Peak is part of the Gasherbrum massif.


13) Gasherbrum II

Elevation: 8,035 metres (26,360 feet)

Location: Pakistan-China

Range: Karakoram


14) Shishapangma

Elevation: 8,013 metres (26,289 feet)

Location: Tibet

Range: Himalayas


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