The panorama was invented in the late 18th century by a guy in London. The very first panorama building was just north of Leicester Square. It's still there, although it is now used as a French-speaking? Roman Catholic Church. XXX's building was designed to hold two cylindrical panoramas.
They became very popular in the 19th century. As far as I can see they were all cylindrical. There were even developements such as the moving panorama in which the paintings were moved by mechanical means. Once cinematic "moving pictures" became available the panorama became less popular and very few have survived. Panorama 1453 is unusual in that it was made in modern times and also because it is spherical rather than cylindrical.
Panorama of the Battle of Waterloo - at the battlefield, just north of the Lion Mound. Built in 1911. Painting is cylindrical, about 110m in circumference (made from 12 canvases).
Panorama of Salzburg as seen from the Fortress on the hill above the city - dates from 1829 and is now located in the Salzburg Museum on the main square of the city (Residenz Platz).