A Conversation for Great Castles
Lancaster castle, Lancashire (duh!), UK
Scott Bennett-AKA Scoop Started conversation Jan 3, 2002
Lancaster castle was once an important royal building being a seat of power for the lancastrians during the period of the wars of the roses.
Like most castles its position was chosen for strategic regions with its glorious view of Morecambe bay and the lune estuary, its comanding height to guard against land attack and its control of the River below. However the hill was fortified long before the castle was built and there are the remains of a 4th century roman fort on the hill to prove it.
The Castle is owned by the duke of lancaster who just happens to be the Queen and as well as being a fortification is one of Europe’s oldest serving prisons.
Indeed some of the castles most famous moment come from its history as a place of justice. You can see the Assize courts where prisoners were scentenced to trasportaion and sent to Australia. Also it is famous for witchcraft. Amongst many alleged witches were brought to Lancaster for trial including the Pendle Witches, who were sentenced to death at the castle. George Fox, the founder of the Quaker movement, was imprisoned in the castle for 2 years. You can get locked in the dungeons today to see what it was like. There are guided tours between mid-March to mid-December
There are also several event during the year like the georgian festival in summer and the excellent firework display.
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