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CITES-listed Parrots

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This is a companion piece to the h2g2 Edited Entry on Parrots

Over the years, the trade in endangered species has put many wild animals and plants at risk of extinction. CITES1 was therefore created as a means of safeguarding species from over-exploitation by trade through international cooperation. When it came came into force on 1st July 1975, international discussion about conservation was still very much a novelty. Today, it is now a multi-billion dollar industry. CITES provides varying degrees of protection to more than 30,000 species. Although CITES is legally binding to the countries2 that have voluntarily signed, it does not take the place of national laws. There are now 169 parties signed up to the CITES agreement.

The Appendices

CITIES offers three different levels or types of protection. These different levels are known as Appendices:

  • Appendix I: The most endangered species which are threatened with extinction are covered by this Appendix. Trade is prohibited in those species listed, except for the purposes of scientific research when import and export, or re-export permits must be obtained. The vast majority of the 316 parrot species fall under this category.

  • Appendix II: This Appendix lists species that are vulnerable ie, are not currently threatened with extinction, but exploitation may make them so. Trade can be permitted with the appropriate export or re-export permit.

  • Appendix III: This Appendix is different as it is not compulsory. It lists species that certain members of CITES have concerns about and request the cooperation of the other members to cease trading in these species.

CITES Appendix I Parrots


Goffins cockatooCacatua goffini
Philippine/red vented cockatooCacatua haematuropygia
Mullocan/salmon crested cockatooCacatua moluccensis
Lesser sulphur crested/ yellow crested cockatooCacatua sulphurea
Abbots lesser sulphur crested cockatooCacatua sulphurea abbotti
Timor cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea parvula
Citron crested cockatooCacatua sulphurea citrinocristata
Palm cockatooProbosciger aterrimus

Loriidae Lories, lorikeets

Red and blue lorikeetEos histrio
Blue/ultra marine lorikeetVini ultramarina

Psittacidae Amazons, macaws, parakeets, parrots

Red necked amazonAmazona arausiaca
Yellow shouldered amazonAmazona barbadensis
Red tailed amazonAmazona brasiliensis
Lilac crowned amazonAmazona finschi
St. Vincents amazonAmazona guildingii
Imperial amazonAmazona imperialis
Cuban amazonAmazona leucocephala
Sub species double yellow headed amazonAmazona auropalliata ochrocephala
Sub species double yellow headed amazonAmazona ochrocephala belizensis
Sub species double yellow headed amazonAmazona ochrocephala caribaea
Double yellow headed amazonAmazona ochrocephala oratrix
Sub species double yellow headed amazonAmazona ochrocephala parvipes
Sub species double yellow headed amazonAmazona ochrocephala tresmariae
Red spectacled amazonAmazona pretrei
Red browed amazonAmazona rhodocorytha
Tucuman parrotAmazona tucumana
St. Lucia amazonAmazona versicolor
Vinaceous amazonAmazona vinacea
Green cheeked amazonAmazona viridigenalis
Puerto Rican amazonAmazona vittata
Hyacinth macawAnodorhynchus hyacinthinus
Anodorhynchus leariLears macaw
Glaucous macawAnodorhynchus glaucus
Great green macawAra ambigua
Blue-throated macawAra glaucogularis (Often traded under the incorrect designation Ara caninde)
Scarlet macawAra macao
Illegers macawAra maracana
Military macawAra militaris
Red fronted macawAra rubrogenys
Spixs macawCyanopsitta spixii
Golden conureAratigea guarouba
Chatham Island/Forbes yellow fronted parakeetCyanoramphus forbesi
Norfolk Island parakeetCyanoramphus novaezelandiae
Coxens double eyed fig parrotCyclopsitta diophthalma coxeni
Horned parakeetEunymphicus cornutus
Night parrot (possibly extinct)Geopsittacus occidentalis
Orange bellied parakeetNeophema chrysogaster
Yellow eared conureOgnorhynchus icterotis
Ground parrotPezoporus wallicus
Pileated/ red capped parrotPionopsitta pileata
Blue headed macawPropyrrhura couloni
Blue winged macawPropyrrhura maracana
Golden shouldered parrotPsephotus chrysopterygius
Hooded parrotPsephotus dissimilis
Paradise parakeet (possibly extinct)Psephotus pulcherrimus
Mauritius (echo ) parakeetPsittacula echo
Ring necked parakeet(Ghana)Psittacula krameri
Blue throated parakeetPyrrhura cruentata
Maroon fronted parakeetRhynchopsitta terrisi
Thick billed parrotRhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha
KakapoStrigops habroptilus
1Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora.2Countries that have signed up to CITES are known as 'parties'.

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