It was named 'Londinium' by the Romans when they invaded in 43AD, although some sources say that this is a Celtic name, not a Latin one, and was already in place (possibly referring to a local farmstead) when the Romans arrived.
It is one of the three largest financial centres in the world - every major bank and financial institution has a significant presence here.
It is the most diverse city in the world, celebrating the Chinese, Sikh, Bengali and Hindu New Years as well as the Western New Year.
It contains 42 universities and higher education institutions and is the most popular destination for students who choose to study overseas.
- Over 200 museums such as the British Museum and the Museum of London
- 120 historic buildings such as St Paul's Cathedral
- 150 theatres such as the Astoria and the Old Vic
- 8,000 acres of parkland such as Regent's Park and Hyde Park
- 33 sites of special scientific interest such as the London Wetland Centre and parts of Hampstead Heath
- 37,000 listed buildings such as the elephant house and penguin pool at London Zoo