Economy Policy of Nepal:My Views
ECONOMY POLICY THAT CAN BE THE BEST FOR PROSPEROUS NEPAL: MY VIEWS
For the purposes assurances of the good investment environment should be established.
To get actual good investment assurances: assurances of democracy, civil liberty & peace, assurances from any type of armed struggles, armed revolutions & anti-revolutions (regressions) that won't be happened.
Nepal has no capital for the investment but the state has the abundant favorable & naturally gifted properties. Nepal is one of the only few country in the world amongst all the countries in the world which is naturally gifted and naturally best favorable. So that Nepal can become prosperous in the future not any less than western Europe if the ruler, leader of the country have the clear vision, honesty and faithfulness to develop the nation. For the purposes, foreign capital along with expertise will have to be attracted. For that purposes good investment environment should be assured from the jobs, action in practically but not only in the written forms and only in the forms of speeches of the rulers, leaders.
The state's main duties & responsibilities should have to:
1). Make policies, laws, regulations, and to check & to balance the implemented policies, laws, regulations related with and for the stability, peace, civil liberties and best economy of the nation.
The state should have to check & make balance the implemented policies, laws, regulations whether they've been properly followed or not, however, the state should not have to control the competitions, independence of the business. That means state's jobs is to make policies, laws, regulations and implement them practically; check & balance the policies, laws, regulations made by the state but not to control the in dependency of the trade & business.
2). The state should have to give, to provide opportunities to the privileged groups like disabled, handicapped, blinds, deaf etc.; backward people within the backward scheduled cast, communities etc. From the opportunities provided by the state, they'll become capable, self sustained in their interested fields; and their capabilities, expertise could be utilized to do business, to earn money from their works & services. For e.g. from the expert capable blind people who have become expert & capable after providing opportunities, business related with blind like business related on the Br ail language could be made from their jobs, capabilities, services and expertise. And money could be earned by exporting their products in Europe, America where the products produced by the disabled people are high in demand & which will be purchased & used sympathetically. Profits could be shared with the workers directly related on the productions & with the investors who has invested to make the disabled & privileged capable & expert.
3). The state's investment should be only to those people who are totally incapable even after state's total efforts done to make them capable. For e.g. paralyzed people, too old people, totally handicapped & whole disabled people etc. The state should not invest & should not spend money except to them & except for the administrative & other related topics which will be required for the smooth operation of the country. State should not do the business rather the state should, ought to make favorable business & industrialization environment, and the state have to make the people economically active by making favorable environment, related policies, laws & regulations.
Till present the sour but the true fact about Nepali industrialists & business persons is that except a very few exceptions, Nepal's trade, business & industrial houses are mainly dependent on the smuggling & black marketing.
Smuggling means do not make & don't pay taxes, customs duties etc and always try to escape from the any types of taxes by smuggling & working unitedly together with the rulers, influential leaders & with the bureaucrats.
Black market means to make & to create shortage in the market especially during high demand periods and to mix low quality commodities & other unusual-unhealthy things & materials like mixing very tiny gravels, sands in the pure rice.
They (business persons & industrialists) always tried to take the hands & did unitedly together with the ruler, influential leaders & with the bureaucrats to do the above-mentioned jobs to escape from the punishment, penalties and to continue the type of their business for the long run smoothly. They have no any economic norms, values, policies, and theories, political faiths that will be the best for the business. Due to the reasons except a very few exceptions business persons, industrialists & business houses of Nepal always supported the existing any rulers & the government and they'd always changed their support only during the close & nearest time of the changes of the political systems and the government to get the hands of the existing rulers to do above mentioned their jobs unitedly together for each other's benefits. So that they'd not escape & hadn't opposed & they always supported from the Panchayat systems era: panchayat rulers, to the rulers after 1990 movement including to the UML rulers, they hadn't missed to lit the candles even during King Gyanendra's dictatorship, authoritarian rules, and even today only at the last decision period of Nepal's people movement-2006 they'd not missed to support present rulers and the state. They'll most probably support even if Maoist type of regime established, at that time & situation too they'll probably try to take the hands of the influential leaders to keep & to continue their such type of jobs & business just like they've been doing till now.
A) Policy makers should take lessons, experiences & knowledge from the developed countries like USA, Canada, EU countries, Japan, Singapore, Australia, HongKong, South Korea, Taiwan etc, and also should take knowledge & notices from the fast developing countries like China, India, Russia, Malaysia, Brazil, Thailand: Should take notice on India & Russia about their economy, prosperousness before & after Soviet era: economy & prosperity of India( when India was close tie with then USSR) & present India's status( while India began to tie closely with USA).Leader also should take notice on China before and after Deng Tao Ping's economic reforms.
How are they becoming prosperous day by day in every almost sectors?
Let us take information & be noticed .How the developed countries mainly Except USA (Because USA is favoured naturally in many things), have only one or two naturally favorable & naturally gifted resources; most of other natural environment are either adverse or not in very favorable. For example let us take Japan & Switzerland for the verification on" How the nation built up & how can make the nation developed" Japan has naturally gifted sea, ocean which could be used for the low cost transport, the country has naturally too adverse in earthquakes, however, Japan always tried to get rid from the adverse effects of 24 hours type earthquakes rather it became expert in the area of earthquakes, earthquake related jobs, product & specializations.
Japan had targeted mainly on low cost sea transport as their main industries and main business. Using low cost sea transport Japan imported raw materials, manufactured goods from the low cost transported raw materials, took profits and exported the ready manufactured goods in a high prices using again low cost sea transport for the export purposes. That means main business of Japan is low cost sea transport. All other business & industries are mainly dependent on the main business; all other related, sub related business & industries are mainly dependent on the naturally gifted low cost sea transport.
Likewise Japan, In Switzerland Naturally gifted things is its natural beauty and natural panorama. Therefore main business of Switzerland became tourism business, which is solo dependent on the natural beauty and panorama. All other related, sub related business & industries are mainly dependent on the main industry" Tourism Industry"
Fortunately nature has too favorably gifted many things to Nepal like Hydro power, natural beauty & panorama which is not any less than Switzerland rather more than that of Switzerland except man made, ruler/leader made facilities and other systematically built and systematically managed naturally beauty & the business. Nepal is gifted naturally not only in Natural beauty & panorama, Hydro power but also Nepal has the land from as low as Terai to high as Hilly Areas, very high as in mountainous ranges within a very less distances & less area which can be used in agriculture based industries and agriculture based business, and for the tourism industry purposes too. Not only this type of natural diversity which is as plain & low as in Terai, as high as in mountainous ranges, Nepal has cultural diversity too within a small distance, areas & small population with compared to other countries in the world like Brahmins, Kshetries, Newars, Tharus, Magars, Rai, Sherpa, Chepang, Raute etc.
Not only these, but the temperature variation and differences around the country is very diverse but neither as cold as in Scandavian countries, Russia etc nor as hot as in Gulf countries, but diverse climate & temperature is within a small range, areas in the nation. Nature is favorable in almost areas except in low cost sea transport & boarder countries, which are not more than two. Therefore to attract foreign investment & to focus the type of business & industries Nepal should take considerations & notices a slightly high transportation cost in mind. To compensate the transportation costs that has to be beared by the investors, custom duties should have to be reduced at a very reduced rate; and the business & industries for the export purposes should have to be focused low weighted, less volume but expensive products & components. In this open market world business era profit could not be achieved without any risks but the investors would not have to bear any risks in Nepal if they've invested after those good investment environment has been assured so that after the assurances ,Nepal would not get difficulties for the investors & the shortage of capitals for industrialization.
B) Business should have to be focused mainly on Hydro power (that means hydroelectricity along with the irrigation for the agriculture business), tourism & agriculture based business & industries.
For the purposes the following planning's should have to be made periodically:
I) Within 10-15 Years Nepal will have to be self sustained & self capable on the expert & working manpower for the construction, operation of the hydroelectricity project, irrigation projects, operation of the transmitting stations, and also in the tourism & agriculture industries simultaneously.
For the purpose experts' help have to be taken to design the syllabus of the academic institutions like technical institutes, engineering institutes, Universities which ought to have the capacity to produce capable required manpower, experts in the fields of hydro power, tourism and agriculture business & industries. Education Policy, economic policies will have to be such that such type of academic institutions ought to be run, the academic institutions ought to follow the criteria to produce & to run their institutions for the academic service cum business purposes. They'll certainly get the profit because neither the students have to be unemployed after their completion of the courses nor the institutions will have to bear the loss due to the shortage of the students on the course. Therefore risks will not have to be taken from the both sides: the students & from the academic institutions' financiers.
ii) From 15-20 Years the manpower should have the capabilities to build, to manufacture hydro power equipment along with the equipment of hydroelectricity, irrigation, agriculture and tourism based equipment by themselves. The expertise should be at the equipment level manufacturing expertise o those areas of fields.
iii) From 20-25 years Nepali manpower should have the capacities for the manufacturing the hydro power related components, hydroelectricity related all components including components used in the transmission, generation & distribution of electricity, all electrical appliances including home appliances. The expertise will have to be built at the component levels and at the worker levels too.
--For the purpose to run the academic institutions, above mentioned environment for investment should have to be assured & established in practice too. Likewise for the manufacturing, doing business on those field: hydro power along with hydroelectricity, irrigation, electrical appliances, agriculture based and tourism based industries, and for running the quality academic institutions that have the capacity to produce such type & level of expertise, above mentioned good investment environment & policies should be assured and implemented.
a) Similarly industrialization should have to be done in such a type that life in Nepal & Nepali people are totally electrified. All the components, equipment, transportation, home appliances, home, business & industries usage, and all other things, goods, materials, process are to be totally electrified & electrically operated.
All other energy sources will have to be
Displaced & will have to be replaced by electricity.
b) Research & Development(R&D) works and jobs should have to be focused more on hydro power, hydroelectricity, electricity related works, jobs, component, equipment etc, tourism industry & agriculture industry, business related jobs & works on those fields.
Other all jobs, services, works besides those areas will also have to be done smoothly in a general way for the innovations, and also to provide services, needs, facilities to the people.
c) Guidelines should be given to the academic design experts in a detailed forms & firms. They'll have to be informed & known about the country, they will have to be visited all the sides of the country related with hydro power, hydroelectricity, tourism and agriculture industries. So that they can make the proper syllabus, required criteria & environment to the academic institutions to make them capable in producing the required manpower in those fields.
d) The state should import such type of academic experts but not the expert in electrical engineering, managerial jobs like that of present foreign experts are doing in Nepali projects. At the present situation on the one hand Even after completion of the academic courses like engineering, Nepali engineers and other graduates will have to be unemployed and on the other hand foreign expert in those fields will have to be imported in a high Dollar salaries & benefits.
4) The state should focus in local corps, goods consumptions for the remote part of the country like in Dolpa, Humla, Jumla etc, but the state should not spend extra money to deliver exported rice, exported goods, foods & corps etc because those subsidized goods, foods, corps are not produced at those local areas & regions. By spending on the exported products, goods & foods to subsidise, the state's capital will be spent unnecessarily on the subsidized goods, foods & products, on the other hand local production of corps, foods & goods will be discouraged , then the local people will start to escape & or will get no chance to produce the local corps, foods, etc. As a result sometimes starvation type flue spreads like that of present periods due to lack of food for hands to mouth.Sometimes starvation flue are spreading time to time in those areas/regions.
Almost actual poor people at that region could not afford even those subsidized goods, foods, corps etc. only most of the front liners & rich people at that regions could get & could consume those subsidized goods, foods, corps etc, and real almost poor people will be far from not only those subsidized foods, goods, corps they'll become far from the local foods, corps, goods too due to discouragement on the local foods, corps, goods etc. Whether subsidized or not subsidized items, foods, goods, corps etc. almost rich & front liner people at that region could be able to consume the items. So that subsidization is not good for the local actual poor people and to the state too.But the state should spend extra money to make the local production in a large scale at that region/areas.The state should encourage the local productions,local business,business & industries related with the local productions and local environment by spending those extra amount of money that have been spending to subsidise the corps & other items.Again those extra amount of money which have been spending for the subsidization of the items for that regions Will have to be used to increase & to encourage & to facilitate for the local productions & the business related with the local productions & local environment. Without subsidization exported foods will definitely become expensive and the items could be consumed only by rich people at that regions/areas.Businessperson could do the business in profit for the rich people in that areas/regions. Encouragement & efforts in the local items should be given in that areas/regions so that local people will become self-dependent.
The state should also make infrastructure for the business & industrialization at that areas. Those area business and industries mainly ought to be related with the local product and local items. Industries & business will have to focus for the export purposes in the foreign countries too so that the quality of the product & the items will have to be in world class standard, world class quality.
Subject matter/course contents should focus on:
1.Nepal and Nepali culture,geography,language that means about Nepal and Nepalis:Nepalese geography,demography,history & culture.
2.English & Nepali language
3.About Ethics,morality,basic health concerns
4.To make the student think,study scientifically.Make the students in scientific analytical power,to think scientifically on & about every subject matter.That means have to make the students scientific learners.
5.All those No.1 to No.4 subject matter should have to be studied,taught by giving emphasis on practical.Always make the students & learning practical,use theory in practice & practical subject matter.Always have to make exposures on practical fields,practical examples,practical issues related with the theory,concepts and other theories.mathematics should also be taught in the school education.
The Education systems should be as follows:
All the salary holders from Nepal government & government owned institutions(including from Prime Minister,Ministers,MPs,Chief secretary to all Civil Servants,others from Chief of Army Staffs,Police Staffs,all Public School teachers,all government owned institutions employees,all constitutional bodies members)who will get salary and other benefits in amount from Nepal government & government owned institutions & Public academic institutions should & must /ought to make their child,family members,dependants join in the public Schools at their local residence or in their service/job location areas.They ought not/must not to make their dependants join either in Private Schools(Non-public schools) or in Foreign countries' academic institutions.
They ought to make their dependants join at the public schools of either at their Local residence areas or at their service /job location areas.They have to make the verifications/proof of their dependants' schooling in the first month of every academic year from the original mark sheets provided by the enrolled school.To nullify their fraudulent jobs on the subject matter,their records in the' Nijamatikhana or other government authentic record book should be taken as the reference for the verification purposes,the records of the employees should be updated.Students Identification Number(SID) should have to be provided in a national wide , A single SID for a student including for the students of public schools and Private Schools.That means Student's individual Identification Number around the country,a student one SID should be strictly maintained for both Public school & private school student.If they(employees) have breached the norms & regulations they should be punished from the penalties like demotions from their existing designation,sacking from the post etc.
Except those people,other people have the choices to make their dependants join either in public schools or in Private schools.Curriculum should be designed according to the age & level of educations focusing on the No.1 to No.5 of the above referenced contents.Curriculum of Private schools is free except the course contents which could jeopardize Nepali national integrity & encourage terrorism.
college education should focus mainly on our National contents, national necessities:that means for the production of Skilled,semi-skilled,specialists,experts,workers related on Hydro power,hydroelectricity,tourism,agriculture based business and industries, & for the total electrification & all the daily whole life connected by electrification & electrically operated appliances.
Besides focusing on those fields other all fields should be operated smoothly in a normal ways but not avoiding other fields of studies.
World Class academic institutions should be attracted.Within the academic hours few hours jobs, jobs on Research & development(R&D) etc should have to be made available within the academic institutions ,those responsibilities lie to the academic institutions.Our references should not be India but should be USA,EU countries,Japan etc developed countries.Other materials related with the academic institutions have already been mentioned in the 'Economy Policy of Nepal'.
Government's main jobs,duties and responsibilities should be focused on making Policies,rules, regulations, to check & to make balanced the implemented rules,regulations,policies, and to facilitate people,business persons & business houses,industries but not as the employment agency, but not as the employer rather should be ,ought to be as a facilitator for the employment generations & for the development of every parts of the country.Besides actual human resources needed for the jobs of the State after utilizing their(employees') full capabilities & potential according to their designated posts,the State should not have to work as the employer;it should not generate vacancies compulsorily only for reducing unemployment numbers.This will hamper adversely to the people,to the country and in a return large unemployment rate will be created like that of till todays.The State should give clear message to the people, to the country as"Please do not focus your study, all of your future career only for the employment in the government & government owned institutions services but do focus your future in the different every parts of life,every parts of industries & business,other every parts of jobs & services.Do focus to become economically active in your interested other fields like own business,industries,own jobs,different parts of jobs like artistic works,R &D,tailoring,fashion design,business & Industries depended on the local products & local environment etc,etc but not only on government & government owned institutions' jobs/services.We'll facilitate you .People should know amongst about hundred thousands graduates only around two hundred graduates could get the government & government owned institutions' jobs/Services,rest more than ninety nine thousands will become frustrated because they'd setted their future goals in those jobs since their early schooling as follows: I'll do bachelors,masters so and so on, then I'll grab government jobs for my bright future undertaking and my life will go smoothly as a bright future.All theirs goal setted since early schooling would be tarnished and as a return they'll probably become frustrated,economically inactive in another fields or they'll engage in other destructive and antisocial works.Only about two hundred fortune graduates who have got the jobs will start to become corrupted, to maintain their status as the superior one amongst their contemporary,they'll start to take the jobs only as the earning sources but not as the facilitators to the people, not as the service providers/like servants of People(CIVIL SERVANT) but they'll start to make the people as their servants.And the result of the goal of the country will become reversed because Civil servants will start to do as the masters of People and people will have to be as their servant .This types of trends have been operating in function till now in almost every sectors of the government ,government owned institutions,public school,colleges and in Universities.
1.Labour Laws,labour & enterpreneur related laws,regulations:
>In the labour laws,minimum salaries plus benefits should have to make fixed at not less than the amount required to survive six people of the family that is at least equivalent of US$100.00(US$ one hundred) per months.
> Overtime & Risky jobs should not have to make to do compulsorily.Those jobs could have to be done as the optional choices so that that types of jobs will be done from the competitive benefits.
>Strikes will have to be totally prohibited
>Medical checkup,medical services will have to be made facilitated for them from the company's labour law policy.
>Except Medical leave(Sick leaves)pre- approval of any other leave should be mandatory.
>Sick leave will only have to make approved only after the approval of the designated medical professional.
>Labour court should be established for the at least following purposes:
i)Any disputes between labour & enterpreneur, and or between workers will be resolved from the labour court.
ii)All the fees & expenditures should be paid to the winners from the defedents who had lost the case/complaints;either plaintiffs or defedents who will lose the case/complaints will pay the total expenses including fees & other expenditures to the winning parties.
iii)Labour union could make the facility to the workers for the expenses during their court trials if they may seem victims from the preliminary assessment by the labour union.The labour union will help the workers to file the compalints.
iv)Minimum leby/fees to the labour Union should be paid by the workers: one percentage of their total income from the jobs should be paid to the labour union as the membership fees.
v)Only single government authentic labour union can work legally as the authentic labour union within the company and in the country.The authentic union will be formed from the elections between different worker unions like that of present Free Student's union election.
>Other jobs,duties,responsibilities,disciplines etc will be made by the companies/employers,however,they should not charge the workers as a revenge from the other unrelated jobs,previouse works of the workers if the workers had taken any other facilities previousely even if they've filed complaints against employers.That means employers should not have to take revenge to the worker from their past disputes.If so happens workers could file compaints against employers.besides these all the daily disciplines,duties,jobs & responsibilities will make be maintained from the employers.
>NO STRIKES IS PERMITTED,IF ANY DISPUTES COME COMLAINTS COULD BE FILED AGAINST THE EMPLOYERS OR OTHER SUFFERERS.
2.Semi-skilled & skilled labour who could not be found in Nepal , Labour profession demand high in Nepal could be imported to Nepal from the companies ,however,the revenues of the company,tax paid by the companies should exceed more than US$200, 000.00 in the running previous year..That type of company can hire the worker in demand from temporary resident Visa,Permanent resident Visa could not be provided to them except to the world's reknowned personalities,business persons & excutives.temporary Visa to the workers in demand will be for one year terms in a renewable basis if hiring companies want to do.
FOR THE INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT:
In the remote hilly and mountainous areas for the tourism and industrialization purposes Switzerland should be taken as the reference for the works because Switzerland has also similar type of natural difficulties for the infrastructure development & favoured nature for the tourism industries in similar types of hilly and mountainous areas for the industrialization purposes.The type & quality of infrastructure & the procedures to build up for the purposes should be follows as the references from Switzerland and should not be any less in quality & type that of in Switzerland because Nepal is favourable more in natural panorama for the purposes than Switzerland only less in Vision,honesty of the rulers & leaders.
a)Air transport including International airports
d)Other means of Transport
All means of Transport :highways,railways,airways should be world class standard
5.Lodging,hotels and other entertainment areas,parks.
During appointment of advisers,contractors,Agents for the contractual works:
The rating of the advisers,contractors,agents,mediators should be within twenty best in the world's best lists,listed by the world's renowned institutions related on the subject matter even though their(high ranked service providers)'s charge,fees will be high than that of low graded service providers because their income source is mainly from the Charge,fees in a fair means for their services so that they'll do from their best efforts,faiths and knowledge but low graded ,low-ranked(not ranked) service providers could charge fees very low initially to get the contract as compared to the high ranked service providers(which will make very easy to the corrupted leaders,rulers,bureaucrats to pass the tenders,contractual works easily with legally very comfortably & easily by showing low cost tenders),however in a return & in a result those service providers will start to do their fraudulent jobs to take enormous amount of extra benefits after mediating to the main contractors .After getting tenders and getting the contracts the project will start to be in delays,incomplete, work in progress will become very slow by giving & by making so and so called causes,issues on the subject matters.Nepal's Projects till now are the good examples on the cases from the electrical project to the other medium and big size projects
Ruchit Kumar Regmi
1.Computer Operated by thought and emotions
2.Aircraft Without Pilot(For Commercial and Military Use)
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